If you know something about the various parts of a car and how they work, you’ll feel more comfortable driving it and accepting it for repair and maintenance. Perhaps you have realized that you need to have your car serviced, but stopping to think about the components of a car engine and how they work can benefit you in maintaining your car, saving you time, effort, and money, and making sure your car retains its value.
Your car’s engine
The engine is the heart of a car. That’s what keeps it alive and running. Internal combustion engines for gas and diesel vehicles. The name comes from how an engine works, where fuel and air are burned together inside the engine to produce the energy needed to propel the piston. The heart of the engine is the cylinder. The inside of the cylinder is where the piston moves up and down. Read on to learn more about these sections and how they work together.
1.The engine block (cylinder block)
The engine block is the core of your engine. It is usually made of aluminum alloy, and on rare occasion iron. It is also called a cylinder block because of the cylinder tubes that help make it up. The cylinder block is the home for the pistons (where they move up and down). Often cars have more than one cylinder (usually four, six, or eight). The more cylinders that the engine has the more powerful it is.
2.The combustion chamber
The combustion chamber is where the energy is transformed in the combustion process. This is the area of the engine in which the fuel, air, electricity, and pressure have an explosive reaction that causes the pistons to move up and down. The movement of the pistons gives the car the power to move.
3.The cylinder head
The cylinder head sits above the engine’s cylinders creating a space at the top of the chamber for combustion. It is also the home for various other parts such as intake and outtake valves, the spark plugs, and the fuel injectors.
As explained before, when the energy is created the pistons then move up in down to give the vehicle power to move. They look similar to cans and are connected to the crankshaft. Pistons also consist of compression rings and oil rings which help to seal the combustion chamber and prevent oil from leaking into that area.
The crankshaft is the part of the engine that rounds out the up and down motion of the pistons. It is connected to rubber belts which are connected to the camshaft allowing for power to be delivered to various parts of the car. The camshaft is connected to the drive train which is the part that transfers power to the wheels.
The camshaft works with the crankshaft, connected by a timing chain, allowing the intake and outtake valves to open and close according to a specific timeline.
7.The timing chain
The camshaft and crankshaft, as mentioned above, are connected by a timing chain. These parts work together to make sure certain actions take place at certain times, which is vital for the functioning of the engine.